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United States Department of TransportationUnited States Department of Transportation

Regulations Division

Legal Interpretations & Chief Counsel's Opinions

Results 1–10 of 16

  1. Creech 2010 Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … functioning dual controls, when instructing under the provisions of this section. To answer your questions, … training is given, provided the training is given in accordance with the privileges of the certificate and … rating give dual instruction in a BE-300 aircraft to a commercial multiengine pilot with an instrument …
  2. Kortokrax 2006 Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … instructor may give another pilot dual instruction in a Robinson R44 helicopter to comply with SF AR 73, even …
  3. Kern INK 2009 Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … meet the dual instruction requirements of FAR 61. I 07 and 61.109 for a Private Pilot certificate with an … 'qualified' to give dual for a Private." The regulations establishing the requirements applicable to the sport …
  4. Levy 2009 Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … constitutes dual controls required for flight instruction under 14 C.F.R. § 91.109(a). Your email discusses … required "dual controls" W1der section 91.109(a). Your email asks whether power controls are required at … constitute dual controls for flight instruction or whether flight instruction could be given in an aircraft …
  5. Williams 2018 Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … statute be given effect. Therefore, the FAA should construe regulatory text so that no word or clause is rendered … functioning dual controls. However, a flight instructor may give instrument flight instruction in an airplane … fixed, dual controls, when the flight can be conducted safely, and the person manipulating the controls …
  6. Sonnenberg-Watermakers Air 2018 Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … the FAA gave passengers the option of taking a charter flight in place of the flight originally scheduled.4 … comment on dual operations. The FAA acknowledged that its long-standing policy is to permit dual operatorsFAA also gave operators a way to simplify their dual operations. Section 135.26l(b) was amended to allow …
  7. Duncan-AFX-1 2018 Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … serves the dual purpose of transportation and aerial work does not fall under the aerial work exception detailed … examples given below are specific to the special purpose operation of forest and wildlife conservation (ADL) … oper.tion, given the facts and circumstances herein, would be approved under Section 91.313(d) of the Federal …
  8. Olson-CTC Aviation Training 2016 Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … certificate. Given the definitions of "examiner" and "practical test" in§ 61.1,2 for purposes of part 61, the … who are dual rated, having both FAA and EASA instructor ratings, who carry out EASA flight tests with no … unable to give a definitiv:e answer, hence the varying opinions on the topic. Yours sincerely, Caroline Olson …
  9. Greenwood-Fly By Knight 2014 Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … person may give flight instruction for hire in an aircraft which that person provides, unless within the preceding … and the dual cross country flight is expected to take 3 hours. As stated above, the 10-hour grace period …
  10. Tu-Civic Helicopters 2016 Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … notice was given on December 4th for a flight on December 9111, then no additional notices were given in the … notice given 5 calendar days before the flight that gives them 'recency of operation,' should suffice … however dual flight controls were left in the aircraft. Since the competency check was broader and deeper …

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