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Regulations Division

Legal Interpretations & Chief Counsel's Opinions

Results 1–10 of 16

  1. Creech - (2010) Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … functioning dual controls, when instructing under the provisions of this section. To answer your questions, … training is given, provided the training is given in accordance with the privileges of the certificate and … rating give dual instruction in a BE-300 aircraft to a commercial multiengine pilot with an instrument …
  2. Kern INK - (2009) Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … meet the dual instruction requirements of FAR 61.107 and 61.109 for a Private Pilot certificate with an … 'qualified' to give dual for a Private." The regulations establishing the requirements applicable to the sport …
  3. Kortokrax - (2006) Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … instructor may give another pilot dual instruction in a Robinson R44 helicopter to comply with SFAR 73, even though …
  4. Levy - (2009) Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … constitutes dual controls required for flight instruction under 14 C.F.R. § 91.109(a). Your email discusses … required "dual controls" under section 91.109(a). Your email asks whether power controls are required at … constitute dual controls for flight instruction or whether flight instruction could be given in an aircraft …
  5. U.S. Department (PDF)
    … statute be given effect. Therefore, the FAA should construe regulatory text so that no word or clause is rendered … functioning dual controls. However, a flight instructor may give instrument flight instruction in an airplane … fixed, dual controls, when the flight can be conducted safely, and the person manipulating the controls …
  6. Sonnenberg-Watermakers Air - (2018) Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … the FAA gave passengers the option of taking a charter flight in place of the flight originally scheduled. … comment on dual operations. The FAA acknowledged that its long-standing policy is to permit dual operators … FAA also gave operators a way to simplify their dual operations. Section 135.26l(b) was amended to allow …
  7. Duncan-AFX-1 - (2018) Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … serves the dual purpose of transportation and aerial work does not fall under the aerial work exception detailed … examples given below are specific to the special purpose operation of forest and wildlife conservation (ADL) …
  8. Grannis - (2017) Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … flight given to a child as a birthday gift, a flight in which an individual only wants to experience flying … becomes "dual purpose," the exception in§ 119.l(e) will no longer apply. Legal Interpretation to Samuel … or is given minimal instruction/explanation, bv an authorized instructor, be interpreted as remaining …
  9. Olson-CTC Aviation Training - (2016) Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … certificate.

    Given the definitions of "examiner" and "practical test" in§ 61.1, 2 for purposes of part 61,

    the … who are dual rated, having both FAA and EASA instructor ratings, who carry out EASA flight tests with no … unable to give a definitive answer, hence the varying opinions on the topic.

    Yours sincerely,

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  10. Tu-Civic Helicopters - (2016) Legal Interpretation (PDF)
    … notice was given on December 4th for a flight on December 9th, then no additional notices were given in the … notice given 5 calendar days before the flight that gives them 'recency of operation,' should suffice … however dual flight controls were left in the aircraft. Since the competency check was broader and deeper …

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