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Spaceports by State

More information on the Office of Spaceports


Alaska

Disclaimer: The following information was provided from each Spaceport at their own discretion; please contact the Spaceports with any questions or requests for information.

illustration of Pacific Spaceport Complex AlaskaPacific Spaceport Complex Alaska
Operator: Alaska Aerospace Corporation
Location: Kodiak Island AK
License #: LSO 03-008A (Rev. 6) (PDF)
Expiration: September 23, 2023
Launch Type: Vertical
Date of License Issuance: September 23, 2018
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Licensed
POC: Mark Lester
Chief Executive of Alaska Aerospace Corporation
Phone: (907) 561-3338
Fax: (907) 561-3339

Alaska Aerospace Corporation
4300 B Street, Suite 101
Anchorage, AK 99503

Spaceport Capabilities/Restrictions:
'The Pacific Spaceport Complex – Alaska (PSCA) on Kodiak Island provides responsive, flexible, and low-cost access to space for small and light-lift vertical rockets and stratospheric balloons. PSCA has been launching rockets since 1998 and was the first FAA-licensed spaceport not co-located on a federal range. One of the pioneering features of PSCA is its’ economic model. Since 2015, the spaceport has not accepted state or federal funds for operations & maintenance and must operate within earned revenues. As such, PSCA provides unqualified economic benefit to Alaska, stimulates innovation, and keeps the team focused on customer outcomes versus stifling bureaucratic processes. As one of only four orbital vertical rocket launch sites in the United States, PSCA plays a key role in providing resiliency for US access to space. PSCA also enjoys the largest launch azimuth range of any spaceport in the US and can access high-inclination, polar, and sun-synchronous orbits between 59° and 110° inclination.

  • Two command and control mission ops systems
  • Fixed and transportable Range Safety and Tracking Systems (RSTS)
  • Fiber optics broadband connectivity
  • Indoor launch vehicle processing and storage
  • Payload Processing Facility (PPF) cleanrooms and hypergol fueling
  • Capability for liquid, solid, hybrid, and stratospheric balloons
  • 22 years of launch experience
  • Suborbital and orbital launch scenarios
  • Large launch azimuth: 110 - 220 degrees (59 - 110 inclination)
  • Off-axis tracking locations at spaceport and downrange
  • Rapid and Agile Space Launch (RASL) Innovation Center
  • Year-round Launch

Pads/Runways:
6 pads total

  • 4 orbital-class pads,
  • 2 suborbital pads

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California

Disclaimer: The following information was provided from each Spaceport at their own discretion; please contact the Spaceports with any questions or requests for information.

illustration of Vandenburg AFB, Mojave Air and SpacePort Edwards AFBMojave Air & Space Port
Operator: Mojave Air & Space Port
Location: 1434 Flight Line, Mojave CA 93501
License #: LSO 04-009 (Rev. 6) (PDF)
Expiration: June 16, 2024
Launch Type: Horizontal
Date of License Issuance: June 16, 2019
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Federal & Licensed
POC: Karina Drees
Phone: (661) 824 2433

1434 Flightline St.
Mojave, California 93501

Spaceport Capabilities/Restrictions:

Core Support Capabilities:

  • Air Traffic Control (NFCT-VFR, FAA/DoD-STARS, ADS-B)
  • ARFF, & Security, Aviation Fuel

Airspace:

  • Class D/G, Restricted Airspace Access (R2508/2515)
  • MOA access
  • Supersonic Corridors (Black Mountain, PIRA, & High Altitude)

Airfield Data:

  • Runway 12/30-12,500' x 200'
  • Runway 08/26-7,049' x 100'
  • Runway 04/22-4,745' x 60'
  • Rocket engine test sites

Proximity & Collaboration:

  • Edwards AFB, NAWS China Lake, & Vandenberg AFB

Logistics:

  • Highway
  • Rail Spur
  • Cargo Aircraft
  • Seaport

Pads/Runways:

  • 3 Runways (Specs stated previously)

Links:
www.mojaveairport.com

Vandenberg Air Force Base (CA Spaceport Expired)
Operator: 30th Space Wing
Location: Vandenberg AFB CA 93437
Launch Type: Vertical & Horizontal
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Federal
Email: 30SW.XPR.ProgramRequirements@us.af.mil
Website: https://www.vandenberg.af.mil/range

Core Launch Capabilities:

  • Launch Pads: 8 Space Launch Complexes, 5 currently active with 3 currently available; working programmatic environmental assessment for up to 9 additional small-lift sites
  • Launch Azimuths: 153° – 240° (typical range, others possible pending analysis)
  • Orbital Inclinations: 59° – 125°
  • Satellite Processing: Two commercially operated satellite processing facilities
  • Airfield Data:

    Runway: 12/30-15,000' x 200'
    ILS: Runway 12 & Runway 30 capable
    Pavement Classification: 53/R/B/WT
    Parking Apron: 1.5M sq/ft
    Hazardous Cargo: 2 locations sited for NEW of 1.1 through 1.3 simultaneously
    NAS Airspace: Class D (SFC-2,900’ MSL x 5 NM)
    Air Traffic Control: DOD-VFR, FAA/DoD-STARS, ADS-B

  • Airspace:

    Restricted Airspace from Surface to Infinity (R-2516/2517, W-532S)
    Restricted Airspace from 500 ft AGL to Infinity (R-2534A/B)
    Warning Area Airspace and Temporary Flight Restrictions

  • Proximity & Collaboration:

    Edwards AFB and NAWC-WD, Pt. Mugu

  • Transportation: Highways, rail, airfield and boat dock (8-12’ depth depending on tides)

Core Range Capabilities:

Vandenberg AFB has a highly capable suite of instrumentation located at various sites along the California coast, from Pillar Point AFS (just South of San Francisco) down to Point Mugu, (just West of Camarillo). This dispersion of range assets allows for the tracking of launch vehicles from lift-off to orbital insertion.

Telemetry:

  • (5) fixed and (1) mobile tracking antennas, up to 8 links per antenna
  • S-band, multiple demodulation formats, bit rates up to 20 Mbps

Metrological Data:

  • Variety of weather data services available to meet the most demanding customer requirements
  • Accurate wind profile data up to 100kft elevation utilizing a broad suite of instruments
  • Online data delivery, daily ops forecasts, on console briefings, climatological studies, etc.

Short and Long Range Optics:

  • (2) fixed and (12) mobile optics mounts with large aperture optics
  • Visible, IR, high speed imaging video and still photography

Communications:

  • Fiber optic broadband connectivity

Area Clearance/Surveillance:

  • Integrated air and sea surveillance capabilities to ensure safety
  • (1) Air Route Surveillance Radar (BC-3 Mode 2, 3, S, ADS-B)
  • (5) ocean surveillance radars and (3) Automated Identification System (AIS) receivers
  • UHF/VHF radios for ground to sea/air communications
  • NOTAMS/NOTMAR, support agreements with multiple state and federal agencies

Metric Tracking:

  • (3) long-range MIPIR class C-band radars, (1) with COSIP imaging capabilities
  • (1) mid-range AN/FPS-16 C-band radar

Command and Control:

  • (4) highly trained and certified Mission Flight Control Officers
  • (5) command destruct transmitters, 10kW output, standard IRIG and High Alphabet tone output

Post-flight Data Production:

  • Chapter 10 data recording of pre and post demodulated data available
  • Additional data products and analysis available upon request

Safety:

  • Flight safety analysis (e.g. debris, toxics, COLA) to allow risk acceptance vs risk avoidance
  • Vehicle processing expertise including hazardous systems, fuels, materials and operations
  • Nationally recognized FTS expertise including AFSS software and Mission Data Load generation

Emergency Response:

  • Highly trained emergency response and firefighting personnel
  • Wildland firefighting team on station

illustration of Vandenberg Air Force BaseVandenberg Spaceport (SLC-8)
Operator: United States Space Force
Location: Vandenberg Air Force Base, CA
License #: N/A
Expiration: N/A
Launch Type: Vertical
Date of License Issuance: N/A
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Federal & Licensed
POC: 30th Space Wing, Program Requirements (XPR)
Phone: 805-606-1293
E-mail: 30SW.XPR.ProgramRequirements@us.af.mil
1515 Iceland, Suite 1
Vandenberg AFB, CA, 93437-5244257624

SLC-8 POC: 2d Space Launch Squadron (2 SLS)
Phone: 805-605-3915
806 13th Street, Bldg. 7015, Suite 218
Vandenberg AFB, CA, 93437-5244

Spaceport Capabilities/Restrictions:
SLC-8 provides responsive, flexible, and low-cost access to space for small- and medium-lift vertical rockets employing a clean pad, plug-and-play approach that is highly flexible and adaptable with universal facilities, interfaces, and conveyances to accommodate a diverse range of vehicle configurations and mission needs.

The multi-user launch pads at SLC-8 can accommodate both liquid fueled and solid propellant vehicles. The complex includes a launch stand and reinforced exhaust duct rated for a launch vehicle up to 150 tons and a million pounds of thrust. A 15 by 15 foot reinforced concrete flat pad is rated for launch vehicles up to 20 tons and will support 30,000 pounds of thrust. SLC-8 is explosively sited for up to 206,000 lbs. NEWHD 1.1.

Refer to the following caption.

Space Launch Complex Eight (SLC-8)

The launch site at SLC-8 provides a standard suite of launch-ready capabilities including fueling pads, mobile access tower, support equipment building, launch equipment vault, a separate flat launch pad, and all electrical and communications services and interfaces. In 2020, the complex underwent a modernization of the electrical and communication systems to upgrade and update these vitally important services. Recent work included upgrades to communications, network, telemetry and power, countdown clock, missile liftoff, timing, HD video cameras, Public Address equipment, Programmable Logic Controllers, and pad lighting systems.

Some of the core capabilities of the complex include affordability, convenience, and ease of access to both a wide variety of launch azimuths, and a wide selection of Western Range launch support services.

SLC-8 is currently the southernmost launch pad available at VAFB and provides launch azimuths between 168-220 degrees.

SLC-8 users will also have access to the state-of-the-art Launch Control Room (LCR) located on North VAFB in the Remote Launch Control Center, Bldg. 8510. The LCR is outfitted with all new communications, timing displays, monitors, dedicated digital data lines, fiber optic systems, and user consoles.

Refer to the following caption.

SPACEPORT COORDINATES: Latitude 34.576 N, Longitude 120.631 W

Pads/Runways:
Two vertical, orbital launch pads

One Runway (North VAFB): 15,000 by 200 feet, concrete

Proximity & Collaboration:

  • NAWC Point Mugu, Edwards AFB, and NAWS China Lake

Logistics:

  • Highway
  • Rail Spur
  • Cargo Aircraft
  • Boat Dock

Programmatic Environmental Assessment for Small Launch Vehicles:

The 30th Space Wing is preparing a programmatic environmental assessment for launch sites we're making available to commercial companies serving the small launch market. The scope of this comprehensive assessment is focused on launch vehicles capable of delivering payloads weighing 2,000 kg or less into low earth orbit. The purpose and need for this environmental assessment is to help enable the space sector's desire to transition from large, complex and expensive satellites to small, consumable, and low-cost satellites. Over the next decade, the transition to small and microsatellites is forecasted to significantly increase the demand for dedicated rides on small launch vehicles. With this in mind, the programmatic environmental assessment initiated by the 30th Space Wing includes nine launch sites having a combined capacity of 100 launches per year. Furthermore, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is serving as a cooperating agency to ensure their requirements are fully addressed in the environmental assessment. The end goal is to allow our small launch customers an opportunity to evaluate a variety of different launch sites, select the site that best fits their needs, and to streamline subsequent environmental approvals required for individual launch programs.

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Colorado

Disclaimer: The following information was provided from each Spaceport at their own discretion; please contact the Spaceports with any questions or requests for information.

illustration of Colorado Air and SpacePortColorado Air & Spaceport
Operator: Adams County
Location: 5200 Front Range Pkwy Watkins, CO 80137
License #: LSO 18-017 (PDF)
Expiration: August 16, 2023
Launch Type: Horizontal
Date of License Issuance: August 16, 2018
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Licensed
POC: David E. Ruppel,
Director, Air and Space Port
Adams County, Colorado
5200 Front Range Parkway
Watkins, CO 80137
Office: (303) 261-9103
Cell: (970) 846-3626
Direct: (720) 523-7310
Fax: (303) 261-9195

Spaceport Capabilities/Restrictions:

  • Horizontal launch and recovery only
  • Suborbital recovery with LSOL Amendment

Pads/Runways:

  • Two asphalt runways (8000 feet each)

Additional Links:

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Florida

Disclaimer: The following information was provided from each Spaceport at their own discretion; please contact the Spaceports with any questions or requests for information.

illustration of Space Coast Regional Airport, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station/Kennedy Space Center/Cape Canaveral Spaceport/Shuttle Landing FacilityCape Canaveral Air Force Station
Operator: 45th Space Wing
Location: Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) FL 32920
Launch Type: Vertical & Horizontal
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Federal
POC: 45th Space Wing's Wing Plans and Programs Office
Phone: (321) 494-4054

Core Launch Capabilities:

  • Launch Pads: Over 40 launch pads have been used since the 1950s. As of Sep 2020, there are four active launch pads and three others, not currently active, that are leased to either Space Florida or new commercial customers. Only a few launch pads remain which would be suitable to support future customers with large launch vehicles. Also, CCAFS has two active landing pads. Additionally, the ER serves as a Major Range and Test Facility Base (MRTFB).
  • Launch Azimuths: Typically 37° – 114° with recent options to support polar orbits
  • Orbital Inclinations: Typically 57° – 39° with recent options to support polar orbits
  • Satellite Processing: Three facilities (two facilities were leased/licensed to commercial companies and one is for US Government only)
  • Air Field Data:
    • Runway: 13/31-10,000' x 200'
    • ILS: No
    • TACAN: Apch based on Patrick's Tacan
    • GPS: Apch available
    • Pavement Classification: 37/F/A/WT
    • Parking Apron: asphalt w/3 concrete pads, 338,088 sq/ft, 4th concrete pad on Taxiway Bravo
    • Hazardous Cargo: 6 locations sited for subclasses 1.1 through 1.3 – consult Explosive Site Plan for specifics.
    • Air Traffic Control: DOD-VFR, STARS-LITE
    • Airfield operating hours are determined by Prior Permission Required (PPR)
    • The Airfield Manager is normally available Monday through Friday from 0730-1600L
    • 9,000 ft runway also available 21 mi south at Patrick Air Force Base
  • Special Use Airspace (SUA) & Other Airspace (ER – Cape Canaveral. No SUA at PAFB).
    • Restricted Airspace from Surface to 4,999’ (activated 24/7 – R-2932)
    • Restricted Airspace from 5000’ to Infinity (activated by NOTAM – R-2933)
    • Restricted Airspace from Surface to Infinity (activated by NOTAM – R-2934)
    • Restricted Airspace from 11000’ to Infinity (activated by NOTAM – R-2935)
    • Temporary Flight Restriction from Surface to Infinity (activated by NOTAM – CFR 91.143)
    • Warning Area Airspace from Surface to Infinity (activated by NOTAM – W497A/B)
    • Air Traffic Control Assigned Airspace--Surface to 18,000’ (activated by NOTAM – Cape A/B)
  • Proximity & Collaboration:
    • Kennedy Space Center
  • Transportation: Highways, rail, airfield, river and ocean port

Core Range Capabilities:

Eastern Range (ER) instrumentation is located at various sites along the Florida coast. The ER also uses instrumentation from other DoD and NASA agencies to accomplish its mission. This dispersion of range assets allows for the tracking of vehicles from lift-off to orbital insertion.

ER capabilities include telemetry, meteorological data, range optics, communications, area clearance/surveillance, skin and beacon tracking, command destruct, data handling, safety, and emergency response. The ER has also supported "fly-back" of launch vehicle stages returning to land on site, as well as barge landings supported via nearby Port Canaveral. Also supports NASA Crew landings.

Telemetry:

  • ER land-based assets consist of mainland and downrange stations
  • Ascension possesses auto-tracking antennas that allow the site to perform tracking and data collection

Metrological Data:

  • ER provides info to develop local forecasts, evaluates weather-related Lightning Launch Commit Criteria (LLCC), vehicle wind-loading and trajectory shaping for all launch vehicles
  • ER has one of the largest concentrations of meteorological instrumentation in the world
  • Upper air data is provided by a combination of the Cape Automated Meteorological Profiling System (AMPS), radar-tracked Jimspheres, and the Cape Meteorological System Computers

Range Optics:

  • ER provides two-dimensional position-versus-time data
  • Includes both mobile and fixed trackers
  • Universal Camera Sites (UCS) available
    • Main function of the sites is to provide communications, video, power distribution, and a surveyed location from which the trackers can operate

Communications:

  • Extensive network consisting of
    • Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) Air Force Wide Enterprise Terminal (AFWET)
    • Microwave
    • High Frequency Global Communications subsystem (HFGCS)
    • High Frequency (HF) radio
    • Ultra High Frequency (UHF) radio
    • Very High Frequency (VHF) radio
    • Terrestrial landline links to connect instrumentation sites and stations with each other and to the various global users. Fiber optic broadband connectivity.

Area Clearance/Surveillance:

Area Clearance/Surveillance
TYPE LOCATION CUSTODIAL AGENCY
Air Surveillance Radar Melbourne FAA
Helicopter Mobile Multiple agencies
including NASA and
920 RQW
Air Surveillance Radar KSC (Shiloh) 45 SW
Sea Surveillance Radar KSC 45 SW
Sea Surveillance Radar CCAFS 45 SW
Sea Surveillance distributed U.S. Coast Guard
Control & Display CCAFS/KSC 45 SW

Eastern Range Radar:

  • ER Radar Subsystem is comprised of ER C-band metric tracking radars, non-ER C-band metric tracking radars, and the Cape Single Point Acquisition Radar Control (SPARC) consoles
  • All radars are capable of providing metric quality data in skin or beacon track modes

Command Destruct:

  • ER provides Range Safety protection for all launches on the ER to prevent errant launch and test vehicles from endangering persons or property on or adjacent to the Range (including those not equipped with an Automated Flight Safety System (AFSS))

Data Handling:

  • Data Handling Subsystem contains systems that support pre-mission and post-mission data processing of vehicles launched from the ER
  • Pre-mission data is used for the processing of a Flight Plan Approval request and the preparation of flight safety criteria to protect critical areas on the ER while not endangering a vehicle performing within normal limits
  • Post-mission, the systems are used to produce required data products for the evaluation of the performance of the Range Safety and instrumentation systems utilized during the mission

Safety:

  • Flight safety analysis (e.g. debris, toxics, COLA) to allow risk acceptance vs risk avoidance
  • Vehicle processing expertise including hazardous systems, fuels, materials and operations
  • Nationally recognized FTS expertise including AFSS software and Mission Data Load generation

Emergency Response:

  • Highly trained emergency response and firefighting personnel

Space Florida Launch Complex 46
Operator: Space Florida
Location: FCQG+FV Cape Canaveral FL
License #: LSO 10-014 (PDF)
Expiration: June 30, 2025
Launch Type: Horizontal & Vertical
Date of License Issuance: June 30, 2015
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Licensed
POC: Mark Bontrager,
Vice President, Spaceport Operations
Office: 321-730-5301 x235
Cell: 321-446-5233

Spaceport Capabilities/Restrictions:
One multi-user pad capable of supporting up to ten-foot diameter vehicles. The complex is equipped with a Mobile Access Structure (MAS) which can be moved into place over the launch pad/flame trench area to service launch vehicles.

Payload lift capabilities for low earth orbit (LEO) in excess of 4,900 lbs. (2,227 kg).

Current infrastructure supports launch vehicles with maximum dimensions of 120 feet (36 meters) height, and multiple vehicle / payload diameters between 50 and 120 inches (125 to 300 centimeters). Reconfigurable platforms on the MAS can be adjusted in one-foot increments vertically with adjustable inserts to accommodate various diameter vehicles.

Flight azimuths from 35 to 120 degrees

Pads/Runways:

  • One vertical launch pad
  • One Runway

Additional Links:
Cape Canaveral Spaceport Master Plan (PDF)

Cape Canaveral Spaceport/Shuttle Landing Facility
Operator: Space Florida
Location: J874+Q9 Wilson FL
License #: LSO 18-018 (PDF)
Expiration: November 7, 2023
Launch Type: Horizontal & Vertical
Date of License Issuance: November 7, 2018
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Licensed
POC: Jimmy Moffitt,
Airfield Manager, Launch & Landing Facility
Office: 321-261-3850
Cell: 386-566-8023

Cecil Air and Space Port
Operator: Jacksonville Aviation Authority
Location: 13365 Simpson Way, Jacksonville FL 32221
License #: LSO 09-012 (Rev 2) (PDF)
Expiration: January 10, 2025
Launch Type: Horizontal
Date of License Issuance: January 10, 2020
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Licensed
POC: Todd Lindner
Office: (904) 573-1601

13365 Simpson Way
Jacksonville, Florida 32221

Space Coast Regional Airport
Operator: Titusville-Cocoa Airport Authority (TCAA)
Location: 355 Golden Knights Blvd. Titusville FL 32780
License #: LSO 20-019 (PDF)
Expiration: May 5, 2025
Launch Type: Horizontal
Date of License Issuance: May 5, 2020
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Licensed
POC: Michael Powell,
CEO Titusville-Cocoa Airport Authority
Office: (321) 267-8780, Ext. 203
Fax: (321) 383-4284

355 Golden Knights Blvd.
Titusville, FL 32780

Additional Links:

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New Mexico

Disclaimer: The following information was provided from each Spaceport at their own discretion; please contact the Spaceports with any questions or requests for information.

illustration of Spaceport AmericaSpaceport America
Operator: New Mexico Spaceflight Authority
Location: Co Rd A021, Truth or Consequences NM 87901
License #: LSO 08-011A (Rev 3.) (PDF)
Expiration: December 14, 2023
Launch Type: Horizontal & Vertical
Date of License Issuance: December 14, 2018
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Licensed
Exclusive Use Site
POC: Scott McLaughlin
4605 Research Park Circle, Suite A
Las Cruces, NM 88001
United States
Office: (575) 267-8500

Spaceport Capabilities/Restrictions:
Can host vertical and horizontal launch; Concrete runway is 12,000' x 200'; Neighboring White Sands Missile Range can provide radar, meteorology, telemetry and optics support.

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Oklahoma

Disclaimer: The following information was provided from each Spaceport at their own discretion; please contact the Spaceports with any questions or requests for information.

illustration of Oklahoma SpaceportOklahoma Spaceport
Operator: Oklahoma Space Industry Development Authority
Location: 121 1st St, Burns Flat OK 73624
License #: LSO 06-010 (Rev. 2) (PDF)
Expiration: June 11, 2021
Launch Type: Horizontal
Date of License Issuance: June 11, 2016
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Licensed
POC: Craig J. Smith, Executive Director
Office: (580) 562-3500
Cell: (580) 309-3223
Fax: (580) 562-3499

Oklahoma Space Industry Development Authority-Agency 34600
121 First Street
P.O. Box 689
Burns Flat, OK 73624-0689

Spaceport Capabilities/Restrictions:

  • 13,503’ X 300’ runway (with 1000’ overruns on each end for a total of 15,503’)
  • Flight operations center with a telemetry and monitoring (T&M) room
  • ATC tower
  • ARFF
  • FAA-approved 152-mile long and 50 mile wide "Infinity One" Spaceflight corridor with a northern (polar) trajectory

Pads/Runways:

  • 300’ diameter concrete launch pad located just west of our massive runway that may be utilized for vertical take-offs and landings
    (Customer with a proper vehicle license required)

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Texas

Disclaimer: The following information was provided from each Spaceport at their own discretion; please contact the Spaceports with any questions or requests for information.

illustration of Midland Spaceport, Houston SpaceportBlue Origin
Operator: West Texas Launch Site
Location: 853QF62P+MV West Texas TX
License #: LRLO 17-105 (Rev 1) (PDF)
Expiration: August 16, 2021
Date of License Issuance:
August 17, 2017
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site:
Private Licensed Exclusive Use Site

Boca Chica
Operator: SpaceX Launch Site
Location: 52448-54298 Boca Chica Blvd
Brownsville TX 78521
License #: LRLO 20-119A (PDF)
Expiration: May 27, 2022
Date of License Issuance: May 27, 2020
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Private
Licensed Exclusive Use Site

Houston Spaceport (Ellington Airport)
Operator: Houston Airport System
Location: 510 Ellington Field, Houston TX 77034
License #: LSO 15-016 (PDF)
Expiration: June 25, 2025
Launch Type: Horizontal
Date of License Issuance: June 25, 2015
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Licensed
POC: Arturo Machuca
Office: (713) 859-4221

Ellington Airport
510 Ellington Field
Houston, Texas 77034

Spaceport Capabilities/Restrictions:

  • RUNWAY 17R/35L 9,001’ x 150’ (expansion capability 3,000’)
  • RUNWAY 4/22 8,001’ x 150’
  • ATCT dedicated mission-control facilities for commercial spaceport operations
  • Launch corridor to existing Offshore Warning Areas W-147C and W-147D over the Gulf of Mexico
  • No vertical launch capability

Additional Links:

Midland Spaceport
Operator: Midland International Airport
Location: 9506 La Force Blvd Midland TX 79706
License #: LSO 14-015 (PDF)
Expiration: September 14, 2024
Launch Type: Horizontal
Date of License Issuance: September 14, 2019
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Licensed
POC: Justine Ruff
Office: (432) 560-2200 ext. 3001

P.O. Box 60305
Midland, TX 79711

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Virginia

Disclaimer: The following information was provided from each Spaceport at their own discretion; please contact the Spaceports with any questions or requests for information.

illustration of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport, Wallops Flight FacilityMid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport Wallops Flight Facility
Operator: Virginia Commercial Space Flight Authority
Location: 32400 Fulton St Wallops Island VA 23337
License #: LSO 02-007A (Rev 2) (PDF)
Expiration: December 18, 2022
Launch Type: Both Licensed and Federal
Date of License Issuance: December 18, 2017
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Federal & Licensed
POC: Dale K. Nash,
CEO and Executive Director
Virginia Commercial Space Flight Authority
Office: (757) 440-4020
Cell: (757) 694-8536

Spaceport Capabilities/Restrictions:

The Virginia Commercial Space Flight Authority (Virginia Space) owns and operates the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport (MARS) located on NASA's Wallops Flight Facility (WFF). WFF operates a Research Range which is centered around providing a fast, low-cost, highly flexible, and safe response to the needs of U.S. aerospace interests, both commercial and government. MARS is positioned perfectly between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Washington, D.C. and Norfolk, Virginia.

As a political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Virginia, Virginia Space provides economic support to the Eastern Shore of Virginia by both job development and tourist interest. As one of only two launch sites on the east coast providing access to space and ISS resupply, Virginia space provides a key component to economic growth, commercial access to space and is a national asset.

MARS Operational Sites include a multi-pad launch complex, an airfield for Unmanned Autonomous Systems (UAS), a recently commissioned Payload Processing Facility and a newly constructed launch vehicle Integration and Control Facility (ICF). All MARS facilities are maintained and operated by an experienced Virginia Space team, with expertise in cryogenic systems, high-pressure vessels, state of the art command and control systems, hydraulic systems, and high-capacity environmental control systems.

  • MARS Launch Complex 0 currently includes Pad 0A, Pad 0B and newly constructed Pad 0C, located on NASA's Wallops Research Range.
  • MARS Pad 0A is a medium class launch facility for liquid fueled vehicles. It currently hosts Northrup Grumman's Antares Launch Vehicle.
  • MARS Pad 0B is a small to medium class launch facility for solid and liquid fueled vehicles. It currently hosts Northrup Grumman's Minotaur family of Launch Vehicles.
  • MARS Pad 0C is a venture class launch facility for liquid fueled vehicles. It currently hosts Rocket Lab's Electron Launch Vehicle and is referred to as LC-2 by Rocket Lab.

The MARS UAS Airfield supports primarily unmanned platforms but can also accommodate conventional manned platforms. The Airfield includes a 3000’ x 75’ airstrip for horizontal flight operations, an integrated 120’ x 130’ vertical landing pad and a purpose-built hangar and adjacent apron area. The site is secluded from the remainder of the facility with a single restricted access entrance and limited line of sight to other areas of the facility.

The MARS Payload Processing Facility (PPF) provides 21,000 gross SF of separable processing space for launch vehicles (LV) and space vehicles (SV) from arrival to encapsulation. The PPF was designed and built to accommodate both highly sensitive and classified payloads in support of science and national security missions. The facilities processing spaces include; one 80’ tall Processing Bay and Airlock utilizing a 30-ton traveling bridge crane with a 60’ hook height, one 40’ tall Low Bay Cleanroom and Integration Room, and multiple side rooms for fuel conditioning, control, and ride share processing.

Wallops Flight Facility
Operator: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Licensed, Federal, or Private Site: Federal
POC: Scott Schaire
Chief, Advanced Projects Office
Phone: 757-824-1120

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More information on the Office of Spaceports

Disclaimer: The following information was provided from each Spaceport at their own discretion; please contact the Spaceports with any questions or requests for information.

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This page was originally published at: https://www.faa.gov/space/spaceports_by_state/