The toolkit was designed with the end-user in mind. It includes everything needed to empower independent assessment:
- User Handbook
This handbook provides a step-by-step approach to safety culture assessment based on current best practices. It is for the end-user(s) who will be implementing each step.
- Survey Instrument
The survey is specifically designed to assess aviation maintenance safety culture. It is customizable to operational needs.
- Data Analysis Tools
The tools help the end-user make sense of the survey results by automatically generating charts.
- Roadmap for safety culture assessment and improvement
- Example survey report
Illustrates how the survey results can be communicated.
- Supporting Materials
See the scientific reports below.
- Scientific Report - Validation of the FAA Maintenance Safety Culture Assessment and Improvement Tool (FAA M-SCAIT). The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has funded a research requirement to support its efforts in aviation maintenance with growing a positive safety culture through the development and validation of a new safety culture toolkit, titled FAA Maintenance Safety Culture Assessment and Improvement Toolkit (FAA M-SCAIT). The toolkit consists of a customizable survey, scoring guidance, and a roadmap for safety culture improvement. This validation report enhances the understanding of safety culture in aviation contexts, which in turn supports development and refinement of safety culture assessments for use across the aviation industry.
- Scientific Report - Safety Culture Assessment and Continuous Improvement in Aviation: A Literature Review In support of FAA efforts to promote a positive safety culture, this report provides a review of the literature on safety culture assessment and promotion.
- Newsletter – 2019 March Safety Culture: Where Do We Stand?
- Newsletter – 2019 June Safety Culture: Promotion in an Example Mx Organization
- Operator's Manual: Human Factors in Aviation Maintenance (PDF) This manual discusses seven critical human factors topics that contribute to the goal of creating and reinforcing a safety culture where employees practice safe habits, both at work and at home. Seven Human Factors Topics • Hazard Identification • Procedural Compliance and Documentation • Human Factors Training – Evolution and Reinforcement • Fatigue Risk Management • Human Factors Health and Safety Program • Considering Human Factors Issues in Design and Installation • Measuring Impact and Return on Investment (ROI)
- Broderick, S. (2008). ICAO beefing up SARPs SMS language. Aviationweek.com. Discusses ICAO’s efforts to harmonize safety management principles in its standards and recommended practices (SARPs).
- Johnson, B. (2001, May 2). Flight Operations Safety Management Systems. Paper presented at the Safety is No Accident, London, UK. Describes how an SMS sets out a company's safety policy and how it will manage safety as an integral part of its overall business.
- Lewis, C., & Christopher, L. (2008). SMS and the development of effective safety culture. Flight Safety Information Journal, 2-10. (PDF
- Vaughan, D. (1996). The Challenger launch decision: Risky technology, culture and deviance at NASA. London: Chicago: University Press.
- Jones, S. G., & Tesmer, B. (1999). A new tool for investigating and tracking human factors issues in incidents. Paper presented at the 10th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology Columbus, OH. (PDF) The role in a comprehensive safety program of self-report data regarding threat, error, countermeasures, and consequences related to operational incidents is discussed.
Last updated: Tuesday, October 17, 2023