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Ground-Based Navigation - Very High Frequency Omni-Directional Range (VOR)


The Very High Frequency Omni-Directional Range (VOR) is a ground-based electronic system that provides azimuth information for high and low altitude routes and airport approaches.



  • Maintain a highly reliable, safe, and efficient ground-based navigation system through relocation or conversion to Doppler configuration of VOR facilities.
  • Relocate VORs as needed.
  • Upgrade conventional VORs as needed.

Project Lead: Gonghe Zhang -

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