Lighting Systems - ALSF-2
Approach Lighting Systems (ALS) provide the basic means to transition from instrument flight to visual flight for landing. Operational requirements dictate the sophistication and configuration of the approach lighting system for a particular runway. The ALSF-2 provides visual information on runway alignment, height perception, roll guidance, and horizontal references for Category II/III instrument approaches. ALS are a configuration of signal lights starting at the landing threshold and extending into the approach area a distance of 2400 feet for precision instrument runways.
A typical ALSF-2 system (High Intensity Approach Lighting System With Sequenced Flashing Lights) consists of 247 steady burning lights: including green threshold lights (49 lights), red side row-bar lamps (9 rows, 54 lamps), and high intensity steady burning white lights (144), plus an additional 15 flashing lights commonly referred to as strobes. The strobes flash in sequence starting with the strobe farthest from the runway and ending with the strobe closest to the runway threshold. The lights are spaced at 100' intervals from the runway threshold outward to 2400'.
FAA Navigation Services Technical Lead:
Current Status: There are 153 commissioned facilities in the NAS manufactured by Airflo, Godfrey, NBP, GE, Heavy Duty Substation, and Westinghouse Substation, Hollingsworth are among others.