Protection of Aircraft Fuel Systems Against Vapor Ignition Caused by Lightning
This advisory circular (AC) provides applicants with guidance for obtaining Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval of compliance pursuant to title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 23.954, 27.954, and 29.954, Fuel system lightning protection. This AC recommends how to protect an aircraft’s fuel system from lightning strikes that may ignite fuel vapors.
For guidance on compliance pursuant to 14 CFR 25.954, Fuel system lightning protection, for transport category airplanes, see AC 25.954-1, Transport Airplane Fuel System Lightning Protection, dated September 6, 2018 (83 FR 47548, September 20, 2018).
This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to obtain certification for fuel system lightning protection. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it in all important respects. The term “must” is used to indicate mandatory requirements when following the guidance in this AC. The term “should” is used when following the guidance as recommended, but not required to comply with this
Transport Airplane Fuel System Lightning Protection
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for showing compliance with the airworthiness regulations for transport category airplanes regarding lightning protection of fuel tanks and systems. These lightning protection requirements apply to normal conditions and possible failures of fuel tank structure and systems that could lead to fuel tank explosions. This AC also provides guidance for developing critical design configuration control limitations (CDCCLs) and Airworthiness Limitations required to be included in the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness (ICA) related to lightning protection features of the airplane fuel system.
Fuel Tank Ignition Source Prevention Guidelines
This AC provides guidance for showing compliance with § 25.981, which provides the certification requirements for the prevention of ignition sources, other than lightning, within the fuel tanks of transport category airplanes. (AC 25.954-1 addresses ignition sources due to lightning.) This AC includes guidance for prevention of failure conditions created from ignition sources other than lightning. It describes a means of compliance, using circuit protective devices such as an arc fault circuit breaker (AFCB) or ground fault interrupter (GFI), to provide fail-safe features that have been accepted as showing compliance with § 25.981.
|61-136B||AFS-800||FAA Approval of Aviation Training Devices and Their Use for Training and Experience This AC provides information and guidance for Aviation Training Device (ATD) manufacturers seeking Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval of a basic aviation training device (BATD) or advanced aviation training device (AATD) under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61, § 61.4(c). This AC also provides information and guidance for those persons who intend to use a BATD or AATD for activities involving pilot training and experience, other than for practical tests, aircraft-type-specific training, or an aircraft type rating. This AC contains specific procedures regarding the evaluation, approval, and use of an ATD under 14 CFR parts 61 and 141. The criteria specified in this AC are used by the FAA to determine whether an ATD is qualified for approval as a BATD or an AATD. These guidelines have developed from extensive FAA and industry experience in determining methods of compliance with the pertinent 14 CFR regulations. Applicable regulations are noted only for reference. This AC does not change regulatory requirements; therefore, the provisions of the current regulation always control. This AC applies only to the evaluation and use of BATDs and AATDs. This notice does not apply to full flight simulators (FFS) and flight training devices (FTD) that are regulated under 14 CFR part 60.||09-12-2018|
Assignment of Aircraft Call Signs and Associated Telephonies
This Advisory Circular (AC) describes the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Air Traffic Organization (ATO) requirements and procedures for the assignment and authorization for use of aircraft call signs in the National Airspace System (NAS), specifically, International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) three-letter designators (3LD), U.S. special designators, and local designators, and their associated telephonies. Guidance is provided to aircraft operators for requesting call signs and explains the assignment and the authorization process for their use domestically within the NAS and internationally.
This AC provides guidance to assist operators in planning, designing, and constructing seaplane bases and associated facilities.
Certification: Pilots and Flight and Ground Instructors
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for pilot and instructor applicants, pilots, flight instructors, ground instructors, and examiners on the certification standards, knowledge test procedures, and other requirements in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61.
Protocol for the Conduct and Review of Wildlife Hazard Site Visits, Wildlife Hazard Assessments, and Wildlife Hazard Management Plans
For certificated airports, this Advisory Circular (AC) defines the minimum acceptable standards for the conduct and preparation of Wildlife Hazard Site Visits (Site Visit), Wildlife Hazard Assessments (Assessments) and Wildlife Hazard Management Plans (Plans). This AC provides guidelines that discuss whether a Site Visit can be conducted or whether an Assessment must be conducted under Part 139. In the case of airports that are not Part 139 certificated, this AC provides guidelines as to when a Site Visit or Assessment is recommended. The AC further defines and explains continual monitoring programs. This AC also provides checklists to help people evaluate Site Visits, Assessments and Plans.
|99-1E||AJR-2||Emergency Security Control of Air Traffic (ESCAT) This Advisory Circular (AC) provides the general public with a common use document thatdescribes the Plan for Emergency Security Control of Air Traffic (ESCAT), and its purposefor use by civil aviation. When emergency conditions prompt implementation of ESCAT,flights will be required to comply with any airspace and/or flight restrictions that may beissued in support of National Defense or Homeland Security initiatives.||08-08-2018|
Airport Terminal Planning
This AC provides information on the process of planning airport passenger terminal facilities. It combines and supersedes two previous FAA ACs on this topic: AC 150-5360-13, Planning and Design Guidelines for Airport Terminal Facilities, and AC 150/5360-9, Planning and Design Guidelines for Airport Terminal Facilities at Non-hub Locations.
This AC does not create new requirements for airport terminal planning. Rather, it consolidates information from two separate ACs and includes updated information on terminal planning.
|120-49A||AFS-200||Parts 121 and 135 Certification This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance and basic information on the certification processes for a Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 121 and 135 Air Carrier or Operating Certificate.||07-05-2018|
Criteria for Approval/Authorization of all Weather Operations for Takeoff, Landing, and Rollout
This advisory circular (AC) provides an acceptable means, but not the only means, for obtaining and maintaining authorization of operations in Category (CAT) I, CAT II, and CAT III landing weather minima and instrument flight rules (IFR) lower-than-standard takeoff minima. This AC does not change, add, or delete regulatory requirements or authorize deviations from regulatory requirements. This AC addresses the operational authorizations formerly published in AC 120-28, Criteria for Approval of Category III Weather Minima for Takeoff, Landing, and Rollout, and AC 120-29, Criteria for Approval of Category I and Category II Weather Minima for Approach, and any subsequent developments.
Methodology for Dynamic Seat Certification by Analysis for Use in Parts 23, 25, 27, and 29 Airplanes and Rotorcraft
This advisory circular (AC) sets forth an acceptable means, but not the only means, for demonstrating compliance with title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR)
|135-43||AFS-200||Part 135 Second in Command Professional Development Program This AC provides information and guidelines to Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 135 air carriers/operators to aid in the development of a Second in Command Professional Development Program (SIC PDP) which meets the requirements of part 135, § 135.99(c). This program allows a pilot employed by the part 135 air carrier/operator and serving as an assigned second in command (SIC) in a multiengine airplane or single-engine, turbine-powered airplane to log SIC flight time during operations that do not require a second pilot.||06-28-2018|
Aircraft Electromagnetic Compatibility Certification
This advisory circular (AC) identifies SAE Aerospace Recommended Practices (ARP) 60493, Guide to Civil Aircraft electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC), dated October 25, 2017, and European Organization For Civil Aviation Equipment (EUROCAE) ED-248, Guide to Civil Aircraft Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC), dated January 22, 2018 as recommended practices for showing compliance pursuant to the following Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR):
|61-141||AFS-800||Flight Instructors as Certifying Officials for Student Pilot and Remote Pilot Applicants This AC assists flight instructors during their review and acceptance of an application for a Student Pilot Certificate or an application for a Remote Pilot Certificate. This AC applies to submissions of either an Integrated Airman Certification and Rating Application (IACRA) or a paper application.||06-25-2018|
Flight Test Guide for Certification of Transport Category Airplanes
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for the flight test evaluation of transport category airplanes. This AC includes flight test methods and procedures to show compliance with the regulations contained in title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 25, subpart B, “Flight,” which address airplane performance and handling characteristics.
This revision, AC 25-7D, clarifies paragraph 23.2.4, Engine Restart Capability—§ 25.903(e); adds paragraph 34.4, Circuit Protective Devices—§ 25.1357; and revises appendix B, Function and Reliability (F&R) Tests, of this AC. This AC has been re-formatted to use a new paragraph numbering system for improved usability.
Currency Requirements and Guidance for the Flight Review and Instrument Proficiency Check
This advisory circular (AC) provides information for certificated pilots and flight instructors to use in complying with the flight review required by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61, § 61.56 and the recent flight experience requirements of § 61.57.
This AC is directed to General Aviation (GA) pilots and flight instructors. This AC does not apply to training programs or proficiency checks conducted pursuant to 14 CFR part 121 or 135, nor to curriculums approved pursuant to 14 CFR part 142. Full flight simulators (FFS) and flight training devices (FTD) may not be used for logging airman experience or for any training, checking, or qualification credit unless qualified and approved by the Administrator (§ 61.4). Additionally, a flight review cannot be accomplished in an FFS or FTD unless it is used in accordance with an approved course conducted by a training center certificated under part 142 (§ 61.56(i)(1)).
|90-66B||AFS-800||Non-Towered Airport Flight Operations This AC calls attention to regulatory requirements, recommended operations, and communications procedures for operating at an airport without a control tower or an airport with a control tower that operates only part time. It recommends traffic patterns, communications phraseology, and operational procedures for use by aircraft, lighter-than-air aircraft, gliders, parachutes, rotorcraft, and ultralight vehicles. This AC stresses safety as the primary objective in these operations. This AC is related to the right-of-way rules under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 1, § 1.1 (traffic pattern), and part 91, §§ 91.113 and 91.126.||03-13-2018|
Design and Installation Details for Airport Visual Aids
This AC provides guidance and recommendations on the installation of airport visual aids. See the Principal Changes paragraph for a list of major changes to the document since the last version.
|90-80C||AFS-400||Approval of Offshore Standard Approach Procedures, Airborne Radar Approaches, and Helicopter En Route Descent Areas This AC provides criteria and describes acceptable methods for obtaining approval to use Offshore Standard Approach Procedures (OSAP), Airborne Radar Approaches (ARA), and Helicopter En Route Descent Areas (HEDA) to descend in uncontrolled airspace to an altitude where the pilot can proceed to land using visual references to the surface. This AC provides operational approval information for operators conducting operations under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 91, 91 subpart K (part 91K), and 135 to support issuance of operations specifications (OpSpec) or letters of authorization (LOA).||12-21-2017|
|120-117||AAM-800||Voluntary Disclosure Reporting Program for Apparent Violations of the Drug and Alcohol Testing Regulations Any employer or contractor regulated under Title 14 ofthe Code ofFederal Regulations (14 CFR) part 120 may voluntarily disclose to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) violations ofthe drug and alcohol testing regulations under the voluntary disclosure reporting program (VDRP) described in this Advisory Circular (AC). This AC provides the information and guidance material an employer or contractor needs in order to voluntarily disclose an apparent violation ofthe drug and alcohol testing regulations listed in paragraph 3 ofthis AC.||12-20-2017|
|43-216||AFS-300||Software Management During Aircraft Maintenance This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for developing a software management program and showing compliance with applicable regulations related to continued airworthiness when managing aircraft software during maintenance activities. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR). However, if you use the means described in this AC to show compliance, you must follow it in all important respects.||12-20-2017|
14 CFR Part 121 and Part 135 Dangerous Goods Transportation Operations
This Advisory Circular (AC) provides certificate holders with recommended contents for a dangerous goods training program and manual designed to guide and manage dangerous goods operations. Developing and using the comprehensive guidance in this document will promote the establishment of a safe and efficient dangerous goods operation. This AC establishes guidance for all part 119 certificate holders operating in accordance with part 121 or part 135 under operations specifications (OpSpec) to carry dangerous goods (Will Carry), prohibiting the transport of dangerous goods (Will Not Carry) and/or authorized to transport passengers and their baggage. Specifically, this AC sets forth suggestions for establishing a comprehensive dangerous goods training program and manual, regardless of the certificate holder’s OpSpec.
Dangerous goods are known to have been involved in, and the cause of, incidents and accidents associated with air transportation. A certificate holder’s dangerous goods program constitutes the foundation for safely transporting dangerous goods by air. This AC provides guidance on designing and implementing a dangerous goods program to include managing the risks entering the aviation system from declared and undeclared dangerous goods. Passengers and shippers of cargo routinely introduce hazards associated with dangerous goods into the air transport system, often unknowingly. This includes dangerous goods associated with baggage, cargo, and COMAT. Improperly prepared and mismanaged dangerous goods can increase the risks to passengers, crew, aircraft, property, and environment. The hazards posed by these materials are often varied and difficult to specifically identify. Therefore, the risks are best addressed by individual certificate holders within the context of their own systems. This AC is not mandatory, and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, of complying with applicable regulations to manage dangerous goods operations.
Operational Safety on Airports During Construction
This AC sets forth guidelines for operational safety on airports during construction. This version adds notification about impacts to both airport-owned and FAA-owned NAVAIDs; adds guidance for the use of orange construction signs (including a new appendix on the placement of these signs); discusses open trenches or excavations in the taxiway safety area while the taxiway is open to aircraft operations, subject to restrictions; enhances guidance for temporary shortened runways and displaced thresholds; and improves figures.